Saturn is the 6th planet from the Sun with an average distance of 9.572 AU or 1.432 x 109 km. It takes 29.37 Earth years to orbit the Sun, and rotates very quickly at a rate of 1 rotation every 10 hours 13 minutes and 59 seconds. It is the second largest planet in the Solar System with a mass of 5.685 x 1026 kg or 95.16 Earth masses. It has 61 confirmed moons. The average temperature of Saturn at the cloudtops is about 93 K (−180 °C or −292 °F).
Saturn is the most distant of the planets that can easily be seen with the naked eye. It is famous for its prominent ring system, discovered by Galileo. The rings of Saturn are 250,000 km wide, but only a few tens of meters thick and are comprised of individual particles of mostly water ice. When Galileo first observed them in 1610, he believed them to be two moons on either side of Saturn. Saturn is the most oblate (flattened sphere) of all the gas giants, with a nearly 10% difference between its equatorial and polar radii. Titan is the only moon in the Solar System known to have a dense atmosphere and the only place other than Earth to have liquid on its surface. It is believed to be similar to what a very young Earth was like, and one of the very few places that has the potential for life. Saturn has a magnetic field slightly weaker than Earth's.
|Average distance from Sun||9.572 AU = 1.432 x 10^9 km = 3,725 Earth - Moon distances|
|Number of moons||61|
|Average orbital speed||9.64 km/s|
|Orbital period||29.37 years|
|Rotation period||10h 13m 59s|
|Inclination of equator to orbit||26.73°|
|Diameter||120,536 km = 9.449 Earth diameter|
|Mass||5.685 x 10^26 kg = 95.16 Earth masses|
|Average density||687 kg/m^3|
|Surface gravity (Earth = 1)||0.92|
|Average temperature at cloudtops||-180°C = -292°F = 93 K|
|Atmosphere||96.3% hydrogen, 3.3% helium, 0.4% methane, ammonia, water vapor and other gases|